Final Classes in Java

When an anonymous inner class is defined within the body of a method, all variables declared final in the scope of that method are accessible from within the inner class. For scalar values, once it has been assigned, the value of the final variable cannot change. For object values, the reference cannot change. This allows the Java compiler to "capture" the value of the variable at run-time and store a copy as a field in the inner class. Once the outer method has terminated and its stack frame has been removed, the original variable is gone but the inner class's private copy persists in the class's own memory.

A Sample Java Program Using Final Classes





import javax.swing.*;

class FooGUI {

    public static void main(String[] args) {
        //initialize GUI components
        final JFrame jf = new JFrame("Hello world!"); //allows jf to be accessed from inner class body
        jf.add(new JButton("Click me"));

        // pack and make visible on the Event-Dispatch Thread
        SwingUtilities.invokeLater(new Runnable() {
            @Override
            public void run() {
                jf.pack(); //this would be a compile-time error if jf were not final
                jf.setLocationRelativeTo(null);
                jf.setVisible(true);
            }
        });
    }
}


   

Output of above program

Download Source code of Final Class Program

References : Oracle share on :        :  

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